However, these are inconsistent definitions: some like Bernhard Klein , choose to expand that definition into a thematic perspective, he defines his collection "Fictions of the Sea" around a broader question of the " Britain and the Sea " in literature, which comes to include 16th and 17th maritime instructional literature, fictional depictions of the nautical which offer lasting cultural resonance, for example Milton's Paradise Lost and Coleridge's " The Rime of the Ancient Mariner ".
Choosing not to fall into this wide of a definition, but opting to include more fiction than just that, explicitly about the sea, John Peck opts for a broader maritime fiction, which includes works like Jane Austen's Mansfield Park and George Eliot's Daniel Deronda , that depict cultural situations dependent on the maritime economy and culture, without explicitly exploring the naval experience.
However, as critic Luis Iglasius notes, when defending the genesis of the sea novel genre by James Fenimore Cooper, expanding this definition includes work "tend to view the sea from the perspective of the shore" focusing on the effect of a nautical culture on the larger culture or society ashore or focusing on individuals not familiar with nautical life. In so doing, this article highlights what critics describe as the more conventional definition for the genre when they attempt to expand its scope. Sea narratives have a long history of development, arising from cultures with genres of adventure and travel narratives that profiled the sea and its cultural importance, for example Homer's epic poem the Odyssey, the Old English poem The Seafarer , The Icelandic Saga of Eric the Red , or early European travel narratives like Richard Hakluyt's Voyages.
During the 18th century, as Bernhard Klein notes in defining "sea fiction" for his scholarly collection on sea fiction, European cultures began to gain an appreciation of the "sea" through varying thematic lenses. First because of the economic opportunities brought by the sea and through the influence of the Romantic movement; as early as Joseph Addison identified "the sea as an archetype of the Sublime in nature:'of all the objects that I have. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. German-language literature. Austrian writers German writers Liechtenstein writers Swiss writers in German Reformation era literature.
Related Images. YouTube Videos. Galileo Galilei. Phases of the Moon. Madame Palmyre with Her Dog, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
Raphael , study for what became the Alba Madonna , with other sketches. Antoine Watteau , trois crayons technique. Expressionist architecture is an architectural movement in Europe during the first decades of the 20th century in parallel with the expressionist visual and performing arts that especially developed and dominated in Germany. Bruno Julius Florian Taut was a prolific German architect, urban planner and author active during the Weimar period.
He is known for his theoretical works as well as his designs and buildings. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. The School of Athens — by Raphael , depicting famous classical Greek philosophers in an idealized setting inspired by ancient Greek architecture. Bust of Socrates in the Vatican Museum. Statue of Aristotle in the Aristotlepark of Stagira. The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes. The Creation of Adam ; by Michelangelo ; —; fresco; Aurochs on a cave painting in Lascaux France.
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. Paper as the essential carrier: Murasaki Shikibu writing her The Tale of Genji in the early 11th century, 17th-century depiction. Laurence Sterne , Tristram Shandy , vol.
Samuel Richardson 's Pamela Walter Benjamin's grave in Portbou. The epitaph in German, repeated in Catalan, quotes from Section 7 of Theses on the Philosophy of History: "There is no document of culture which is not at the same time a document of barbarism". Commemorative plaque for Walter Benjamin, Berlin-Wilmersdorf. The Baron entertaining guests, from a series of postcards by Oskar Herrfurth. Portrait of Rudolf Erich Raspe, creator of the fictional Baron. The Internet Archive is a San Francisco—based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge.
Mirror of the Internet Archive in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. This includes literature written in Germany, Austria, the German parts of Switzerland and Belgium, Liechtenstein, South Tyrol in Italy and to a lesser extent works of the German diaspora. The Frankfurt Book Fair. The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul, which he had conquered. The , year old Steinheim Skull. The Limes Germanicus of the Roman Empire and modern boundaries.
The history of Austria covers the history of Austria and its predecessor states, from the early Stone Age to the present state. The Venus of Willendorf , c. Naturhistorisches Museum , Vienna. Leather shoe from the Hallstatt culture, — B. Divico and Julius Caesar after the Battle of Bibracte. Leonhard Euler —83 , one of the most prominent scientists in the Age of Enlightenment. Religious geography in orange: Protestant, green: Catholic. Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from to Philipp Otto Runge , The Morning, Perpetual motion is motion of bodies that continues indefinitely.
A perpetual motion machine is a hypothetical machine that can do work indefinitely without an energy source. This kind of machine is impossible, as it would violate the first or second law of thermodynamics. October issue of Popular Science magazine, on perpetual motion. Although scientists have established them to be impossible under the laws of physics, perpetual motion continues to capture the imagination of inventors. The device shown is a "mass leverage" device, where the spherical weights on the right have more leverage than those on the left, supposedly creating a perpetual rotation.
Unlike those famous anti-heroes, Mors' revenge is restricted to the killers of his family, and in his further adventures he is more a Robin Hood of the sky: more superhero than villain. Important Links. Wien, F. More filters. Patacky I, u. Die Ausgabe ist mit interaktiven Inhalt und Begleitinformationen versehen, einfach zu navigieren und gut gegliedert. Tribune Und Aurora: Briefwechsel
However, there are a greater number of weights on the left, balancing the device. Perpetuum Mobile of Villard de Honnecourt about Perpetual motion wheels from a drawing of Leonardo da Vinci. He emerged at the end of World War I as one of the leading agitators for a federated Bavarian Soviet Republic, for which he served 5 years in prison. Nautical fiction, frequently also naval fiction, sea fiction, naval adventure fiction or maritime fiction, is a genre of literature with a setting on or near the sea, that focuses on the human relationship to the sea and sea voyages and highlights nautical culture in these environments.
An illustration from a printing of Moby Dick , one of the renowned American sea novels.
Turner , The Battle of Trafalgar circa. Turner's seascapes reflect the Romantic movement's new attitude to the sea. Cochrane is frequently a historical model for the kinds of heroism depicted in fiction set during the Napoleonic wars and Age of Sail. The German National Library is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany.
The German National Library in Frankfurt. The structure was a brightly colored landmark of the exhibition, constructed using concrete and glass.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works. More restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , one of the most prolific German writers. Vaduz Castle , built during the Middle Ages. Prince Alois of Liechtenstein. Johann Anton Leisewitz.
A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name.
The Industrial Revolution modernized the German economy, led to the rapid growth of cities and to the emergence of the socialist movement in Germany. Prussia, with its capital Berlin , grew in power. The new Reichstag , an elected parliament, had only a limited role in the imperial government. Germany joined the other powers in colonial expansion in the Pacific.
By , Germany was the dominant power on the European continent and its expanding industry had surpassed Britain's, while provoking it in a naval arms race. Defeated and occupied, Germany was forced to pay war reparations by the Treaty of Versailles and was stripped of its colonies as well as of home territory to be ceded to Czechoslovakia , Belgium and Poland ; the German Revolution of —19 put an end to the federal constitutional monarchy, which resulted in the establishment of the Weimar Republic , an unstable parliamentary democracy.
In the early s, the worldwide Great Depression hit Germany hard, as unemployment soared and people lost confidence in the government. The Nazi Party began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. Hitler established a totalitarian regime.
Beginning in the late s, Nazi Germany made aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if they were not met. First came the remilitarization of the Rhineland in , the annexing of Austria in the Anschluss and parts of Czechoslovakia with the Munich Agreement in Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June Racism antisemitism , was a central feature of the Nazi regime.
In Germany, but predominantly in the German-occupied areas, the systematic genocide program known as The Holocaust killed 11 million including Jews, German dissidents, disabled people, Romanies and others. In , the German invasion of the Soviet Union faltered, after the United States had entered the war, Britain became the base for massive Anglo-American bombings of German cities.
Germany fought the war on multiple fronts through —, however following the Allied invasion of Normandy , the German Army was pushed back on all fronts until the final collapse in May Under occupation by the Allies, German territories were split up, Austria was again made a separate country, denazification took place, the Cold War resulted in the division of the country into democratic West Germany and communist East Germany.
Millions of ethnic Germans were deported or fled from Communist areas into West Germany, which experienced rapid economic expansion, became the dominant economy in Western Europe. West Germany was rearmed in the s under the auspices of NATO , but without access to nuclear weapons; the Franco-German friendship became the basis for the political integration of Western Europe in the European Union.
A forester's son, Richard Dehmel was born in Hermsdorf near Wendisch Buchholz in the Brandenburg Province of the Prussian Kingdom , he got his first impressions of nature, wandering the oak forests tended by his father, first attended school in his hometown.
He worked as a secretary at a fire insurance association, remained in this position, after the publication of his second volume of poetry, he turned full-time writer. In , Dehmel married sister of Franz Oppenheimer , he became active as a writer and co-founded Pan magazine in Dehmel married Ida in , that same year they settled in Hamburg. Despite being acquitted on technical grounds, the court condemned the work as obscene and blasphemous and ordered that it be burned.
Dehmel would again be prosecuted for obscenity and blasphemy. Dehmel was a champion of the rights of workers. However, despite his record of fighting conservatives, Dehmel joined the many patriotic and pro-war German intellectuals who invoked the masses to support the German Empire after the outbreak of the First World War in Fifty-one at the time, Dehmel served until , when he was wounded, he called on the Germans to keep fighting right until Dehmel died in in Blankenese from the after-effects of an injury sustained during the war.
Dehmel is considered one of the foremost German poets of the pre-World War I era. His poems use numerous metrical patterns.